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TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test and Answer Key (Soal Reading TOEFL dan kunci jawabannya) 07

 TOEFL Reading Practice Test and Answer Key (Soal Reading TOEFL dan kunci jawabannya) 07 
          During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, almost nothing was written about the
contributions of women during the colonial period and the early history of the newly
formed United States. Lacking the right to vote and absent from the seats of power, women
line   were not considered an important force in history. Anne Bradstreet wrote some significant
5)    poetry in the seventeenth century, Mercy Otis Warren produced the best contemporary
history of the American Revolution, and Abigail Adams penned important letters showing
she exercised great political influence over her husband, John, the second President of the
United States. But little or no notice was taken of these contributions. During these
Centuries, women remained invisible in history books.
(10)       Throughout the nineteenth century, this lack of visibility continued, despite the efforts
of female authors writing about women. These writers, like most of their male counterparts,
were amateur historians. Their writings were celebratory in nature, and they were uncritical
in their selection and use of sources.
   During the nineteenth century, however, certain feminists showed a keen sense of
(15)    history by keeping records of activities in which women were engaged. National, regional,
and local women’s organizations compiled accounts of their doings. Personal
correspondence, newspaper clippings, and souvenirs were saved and stored. These sources
from the core of the two greatest collections of women’s history in the United States one at
the Elizabeth and Arthur Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe College, and the other the Sophia
(20)    Smith Collection at Smith College. Such sources have provided valuable materials for later
Generations of historians.
           Despite the gathering of more information about ordinary women during the nineteenth
Century, most of the writing about women conformed to the “great women” theory of
History, just as much of mainstream American history concentrated on “great men.” To
(25)    demonstrate that women were making significant contributions to American life, female
       authors singled out women leaders and wrote biographies, or else important women
       produced their autobiographies. Most of these leaders were involved in public life as
       reformers, activists working for women’s right to vote, or authors, and were not
       representative at all of the great of ordinary woman. The lives of ordinary people
(30)    continued, generally, to be untold in the American histories being published.

TOEFL Reading Practice Test and Answer Key (Soal Reading TOEFL dan kunci jawabannya) 07

TOEFL Reading Practice Test and Answer Key (Soal Reading TOEFL dan kunci jawabannya) 07

10. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The role of literature in early American
(B) The place of American women in written
(C) The keen sense of history shown by
   American women
(D)The “great women” approach to history
   used by American historians

11. The word “contemporary” in line 5 means
   that the history was
(A) informative
(B) written at that time
(C) thoughtful
(D) faultfinding

12. In the first paragraph, Bradstreet, Warren, and
   Adams are mentioned to show that
(A) a woman’s status was changed by marriage
(B) even the contributions of outstanding
   women were ignored
(C) only three women were able to get their
   writing published
(D) poetry produced by women was more
   readily accepted than other writing by

13. The word “celebratory” in line 12 means that
   the writings referred to were
(A) related to parties
(B) religious
(C) serious
(D) full of praise

14. The word “they” in line 12 refers to
(A) efforts
(B) authors
(C) counterparts
(D) sources

15. In the second paragraph, what weakness in
   nineteenth-century histories does the author
   point out?
(A) They put too much emphasis on daily
(B) They left out discussion of the influence of
   money on politics.
(C) The sources of the information they were
   based on were not necessarily accurate.
  (D) They were printed on poor-quality paper.

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test and Answer Key (Soal Reading TOEFL dan kunci jawabannya) 07

16. On the basis of information in the third paragraph, which of the following would most likely have been collected by nineteenth-century feminist organizations?
(A) Newspaper accounts of presidential
   election results
(B) Biographies of John Adams
(C) Letters from a mother to a daughter
   advising her how to handle a family
   (D) Books about famous graduates of the
    country’s first college

17. What use was made of the nineteenth-century
   women’s history materials in the Schlesinger
   Library and the Sophia Smith Collection?
(A) They were combined and published in a
   multivolume encyclopedia
(B) They formed the basis of college courses in
   the nineteenth century.
(C) They provided valuable information for
   twentieth—century historical researchers.
(D) They were shared among women’s colleges
   throughout the United States.

18. In the last paragraph, the author mentions all
   of the following as possible roles of
   nineteenth-century “great women” EXCEPT
(A) authors
(B) reformers
(C) activists for women’s rights
(D) politicians

19. The word “representative” in line 29 is closest
   in meaning to
(A) typical
(B) satisfied
(C) supportive
(D) distinctive